Existentialism in its currently recognizable form was inspired by the 19th century danish philosopher søren kierkegaard, the german philosophers friedrich nietzsche, martin heidegger, karl jaspers (1883 - 1969) and edmund husserl, and writers like the russian fyodor dostoevsky (1821 - 1881) and the czech franz kafka (1883 - 1924. Existentialism (/ ˌ ɛ ɡ z ɪ ˈ s t ɛ n ʃ əl ɪ z əm /) is a tradition of philosophical inquiry associated mainly with certain 19th and 20th-century european philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences, shared the belief that philosophical thinking begins with the human subject—not merely the thinking subject, but the acting, feeling, living human individual. Existential wars: kierkegaard versus nietzsche the founder of existentialism, soren kierkegaard, had for nietzsche, dionysus is the symbol of the stream. Kierkegaard, a religious philosopher, nietzsche, an anti-christian, sartre, an atheist, and camus an atheist, are credited for their works and writings about existentialism sartre is noted for bringing the most international attention to existentialism in the 20th century.
The respective approaches of kierkegaard, nietzsche and sartre are considered in more detail on some of our other pages the fashion for existentialism after the second world war saw its influence pervading widely and deeply into journalism, poetry, the playhouse, and the cinema. Existentialism: basic writings/kierkegaard, nietzsche, heidegger, sartre [charles guignon, derk pereboom] on amazoncom free shipping on qualifying offers an excellent work the wide selection of readings alone would cost quite a bit of money to assemble seperately. Think of it, nietzsche declared that god was dead, sartre, camus, and beauvoir were all atheists, the founder of existentialism, søren kierkegaard. Nietzsche's existentialism had many of the same beliefs as kierkegaard's such as - both believed that philosophy should be based on the value of people's beliefs and that people had to find their own way in life and decide for themselves what the meanings of life and existence are (cline, 2011.
Soren kierkegaard biography soren kierkegaard was born on the 15 th of may 1813 in the danish capital copenhagen and into a wealthy and prominent merchant family that already included six children. Friedrich nietzsche (1844-1900): the devout son of a lutheran minister in prussia, nietzsche eventually broke with the church to become one of its staunchest critics and another founding father of existentialism. Dostoevsky, nietzsche and kierkegaard, prophetic thinkers of the late 1800's, foretold the inevitable rise of nihilism and totalitarianism in the bloody 20th century want to support this channel.
An introduction to some basic principles of existentialism, focusing on the philosophical arguments by the prominent existentialists including kierkegaard, nietzsche, heidegger, and sartre. Kierkegaard and nietzsche wrote in 19th century before the term existentialism had even come up they certainly were predecessors of existentialism, as well as dostoevsky, who was certainly. Both nietzsche and kierkegaard get the proto-existentialist designation from a lot of people, although that's more of a historical accident than any similarity between them ultimately they don't have that much in common. The nineteenth century philosophers, søren kierkegaard and friedrich nietzsche, came to be seen as precursors of the movement existentialism was as much a literary phenomenon as a philosophical one.
Existentialism, true to its roots in kierkegaard and nietzsche, was oriented toward two major themes: the analysis of human existence, or being, and the centrality of human choice thus, its chief theoretical energies were devoted to ontology and decision. Then maybe head on over to our collection of venerable princeton professor walter kaufmann's lectures on nietzsche, kierkegaard, and sartre for additional serious resources, dr gregory b sadler has an extensive youtube lecture series on nietzsche, existentialism, and other philosophical topics.
In nietzsche, this sort of person was his übermensch in kierkegaard, it was the knight of faith for both kierkegaard and nietzshe, the individual human being needs to commit to values and beliefs which may seem irrational, but which nevertheless affirm their lives and their existence. Existentialism existentialism is a catch-all term for those philosophers who consider the nature of the human condition as a key philosophical problem and who share the view that this problem is best addressed through ontology. Nietzsche™s solution was an antithesis to kierkegaard™s faith in a single external principle while both discouraged adherence to the dominant ethos, nietzsche demanded a renunciation of all. Existentialism is a modern philosophical movement stressing the importance of personal experience and responsibility and the demands that they make on the individual, who is seen as a free agent in a deterministic and seemingly meaningless universe (existentialism.